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Resources and legal help for Brain & Spinal Cord Injury Survivors

Brain Injury Statistics

Annual number of people who experience a traumatic brain injury:

1. 4 million annually in the United States

Overall among all age groups

Deaths: 50,000
Hospitalization: 235,000
Emergency room visits: 1.1 million TBI patients are treated in the emergency room and released

Among children ages 0 to 14 years

Deaths: 26, 85
Hospitalizations: 37,000
Emergency Department visits: 435,000

Number of Americans living with a traumatic brain injury:

Approximately 5.3 million

Risk by age:

Children ages 0 to 14 years and young people ages 15 to 19 years are at the highest risk for TBIs.

Adults over 75 years old are at the highest risk for hospitalization and death due to TBIs damaging areas like the parietal lobe

Marital Status at time of injury:

47% single

32.5 % married

Residence at time of injury:

With parents: 37%

With spouse: 32 %

Occupational Status at time of injury:

57% employed full- or part-time

Injuries by gender:

Males are nearly twice as likely to sustain a TBI as females are

Injury by race/ethnicity:

African Americans have the highest rate of death from TBIs.

African Americans, Native Americans, and Alaskan Natives have the highest rate of hospitalization for TBIs.

Causes by percentage:

28% falls

20% motor vehicle accidents

19% struck by objects or against objects

11% violence

Falls and being struck or striking an object frequently occur during sporting activities. According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, during 2007 the following numbers represent an accurate estimation of the number of sports related head injuries seen in hospital emergency rooms:

Cycling: 64,993

Football: 36,412

Baseball and Softball: 25,079

Basketball: 24,701

Powered Recreational Vehicles (ATVs, Dune Buggies, Go-Carts, Mini bikes, Off-road): 24,090

Skateboards/Scooters (Powered): 18,542

Soccer: 17,108

Skateboards/Scooters: 16,477

Winter Sports (Skiing, Sledding, Snowboarding, Snowmobiling): 16,120

Water Sports (Diving, Scuba Diving, Surfing, Swimming, Water Polo, Water Skiing): 12,096

Horseback Riding: 11,759

Health Club (Exercise, Weightlifting): 11,550

Golf: 8,417

Trampolines: 7,075

Hockey: 5,483

Gymnastics/Dance/Cheerleading: 5,459

Ice Skating: 3,703

Fishing: 3,560

Rugby/Lacrosse: 3,281

Wrestling: 2,640

The top 10 head injury categories among children ages 14 and younger:

Cycling: 32,899

Football: 17,441

Baseball and Softball: 13,508

Skateboards/Scooters (Powered): 11,848

Basketball: 10,844

Skateboards/Scooters: 10,256

Winter Sports: 7,546

Powered Recreational Vehicles: 7,460

Water Sports: 6,498

Trampolines: 6,360

Severity of injury:

Approximately 75% of traumatic brain injuries seen in emergency departments are mild cases. Annually approximately 70,000 people who have TBI experience permanent damage.

Lifetime costs:

It was estimated that medical costs and loss of wages due to TBI amounted to over $60 billion in the United States during 2000.

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Brain Injury
Basic Facts About TBI
How the Brain Works
Brain Function
Left Hand Brain Function
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