One of the complications of brain injury is nerve damage. Nerve damage most often occurs following an injury to the base of the skull.
Symptoms of Nerve Damage
Nerve damage most often results in damage to the facial nerves, causing paralysis to the face; or damage to the nerves responsible for eye and eyelid movement, causing issues such as double vision.
Treatment of Nerve Damage
While there are no good data regarding the reversal of nerve damage, experts agree that the success rate is variable
depending upon the extent of the damage, the immediacy of medical care, and the individual patient response. Patients who are immediately diagnosed with nerve damage and start on a course of steroids generally have a better outcome than those who don’t. In some situations the optic nerve can be surgically decompressed, most often in cases where there is a hematoma around the nerve, or when a bone chip has pierced the optic nerve.
Prognosis of Nerve Damage
The long-term outcome is variable. The optic nerve does have some ability to regain function. The regaining of function can take up to six months to a year.