Moderate brain injury can occur any time there’s a sudden, violent movement to the head, or a blow to the head. Moderate brain injury is often diagnosed well after the injury, as other apparent injuries can mask the symptoms.

Causes of Moderate Brain Injury

Moderate brain injury can be the result of sudden trauma, but can also occur as a result of the brain hitting the inside of the skull. Common causes of moderate brain injury include automobile accidents, falls, assault, and sports-related injuries.

Symptoms of Moderate Brain Injury

The symptoms of moderate brain injury are often not as obvious as the symptoms of more severe brain injuries. In many cases, the symptoms are vague yet unsettling. The patient may look and even act fine, but doesn’t feel quite like himself or herself. Common symptoms include:

  • Headache
  • Memory issues
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Tiredness
  • Problems concentrating
  • Mood and personality changes

Treatment and Prognosis of Moderate Brain Injury

Once the moderate brain injury has been diagnosed, treatment may include a combination of neurosurgery, physical therapy, speech/language therapy, occupational therapy, psychology, and social services. The prognosis for moderate brain injury is good, with most patients recovering most or all of brain function.