Domestic violence – an area often overlooked as a cause of traumatic brain injury, warrants consideration. An estimated 50-90% of assaults are to the face or the head of the victim which often results in cognitive and emotional impairments that are not recognized until long past the original incident occurred.
According to BrainInjury.org long-term effects of traumatic brain injury include an inability to concentrate, difficulty accessing memory, low motivation, poor follow through, depression and anxiety, rapid changes in mood and a reduced ability to control behavior in social situations. All of these effects vary depending on the severity of the injury and the person injured, but with early diagnosis, the potential for a complete recovery increases.
The initial repercussions of assault – confusion, headache, neck pain, fatigue, slowed thinking, short term memory loss, loss of balance, blurred vision, ringing in the ears and trouble paying attention among others – can diminish in time and leave the sufferer with the perception that there are no long-term effects. It’s important for anyone experiencing these symptoms to consult a physician.
While domestic assault is one of the least reported causes of traumatic brain injury, it is vitally important that the injury is assessed early and steps are taken to prevent further damage. If you have experienced domestic violence or know someone who has, please know that there is help available and systems in place to protect your anonymity.
For more information, please call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-7233.