Trauma to the spinal cord is a leading cause paralysis. A trauma to the spine that’s significant enough to tear or bruise the spinal cord will cause some degree of disability below the level of the lesion. The extent of the disability depends upon where the injury occurred, as well as whether it was complete or incomplete.
Types of Trauma
Common types of trauma that cause paralysis include:
- Automobile accidents
- Sports-related accidents
A person who has suffered a trauma to the spinal cord will first be treated for any life-threatening injuries. Once all life-threatening injuries are taken care of, medical professionals will focus their energies on controlling the inflammation of the spinal cord. Inflammation that goes unchecked can cause secondary complications that result in further disability.
Once the patient is stabilized and the level and extent of the injury has been diagnosed, the patient will enter the rehabilitation phase of treatment. This phase is designed to help the patient return to the maximum level of function, as well as learn ways to adjust and adapt to life with their disability.